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Ministry among tribal group of India

Indian Tribes

India is the home to large number of indigenous people, who are still untouched by the lifestyle of the modern world. With more than 84.4 million, India has the largest population of the tribal people in the world. These tribal people also known as the adivasi's are the poorest in the country, who are still dependent on haunting , agriculture and fishing. Some of the major tribal groups in India include Gonds, Santhals, Khasis, Angamis, Bhils, chenchues,Bhutias and Great Andamanese. All these tribal people have their own culture, tradition, language and lifestyle. 

                                             Tribal groups in Orissa, India

 

Orissa has 62 distinct tribal groups, making it the largest collection of tribal people in a single state in the country.
Each of these tribal groups have their own indigenous customs and continue to practice them even today. Orissa is home to India’s ancient civilization and most if it concentrated around the eastern ghat hill ranges in the region of Koraput, Sundargarh and Mayurbahanja.Many tourists do get to meet some of these tribal groups and see them in their natural habitat, though access to some tribal areas is stillstrictly restricted.But what the tourists manages to see, can be an experience that is both
enriching and educative.

The tribal economy is by large based on activities around the jungles.Food gathering, hunting and fishing continue to be the main source of livelihood though some of the larger tribes such as the Santals, Mundas and Gonds have become agriculturists. The Juang, Bhuyan, Bondo, Saroa and Dharua tribes follow the shifting cultivation practice. The koya tribals are cattle breeders while the Mohali and Lohara are simple artisans involved in basket-weaving and tool-making. The santal,
Munda and Ho tirbals have now also becomes involved in the mining and industrial belts of Orissa.

Though their economy is a bit shaky, the Orissan tribals enjoy a rich and varied cultural heritage, the most powerful instance of this being in their music and dance which are as colourful as they are rhythmical. The cycle of life offers numerous reasons to celebrate and is done so with vigour and grace either in the privacy of the family home or as a community activity. The changing seasons, religious customs and the traditional rhythms of superstitious belief are strong incentives for creating a string of festivals of augment their importance to the tribals.

The paraja tribe is primarily located in the Kalahandi and Koraput regions of Orissa. The language is ‘Parij’. They worship numerous Gods and Goddesses who live in the hills and forests. They love dance and music during weddings.

The Saroa tribe is one of the most ancient and they are known for being marathon walkers, expert hunters and climbers. Personal hygiene is ofintense importance to them. The Bondos are fiercely independent and aggressive, and continue to practice the barter system of exchanging produce from their fields for their daily needs. Bondo women prefer to marry youngermen because they can have someone who will earn for them in their old age. The Gonds are the warrior who have traveled the vast tracts of central and south India. The Oraon tribals are economically better placed because of
their more progressive ways and interaction with the modern world; in the
field of agriculture. An Oraon marriage partner can contest for divorce on
the grounds of not only adultery but also for bad temper and laziness…

 

Bonda tribes:- .These are types of Bondo,the Bondo's are staying high hill of the forests and one of the most primitive tribes of India ,their language is called "Remo" which comes underAustro Asiatic language belonging to Mundari group.

Gadaba Tribes:- This is the Gadoba tribal dance, the Gadabas are one of the very primitive and colorful tribes in Orissa.

Kondh:- These tribes are Dongaria kondh which is one of the most primitive tribes found in Orissa.

                                             

  Tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh India

 

 

     Tribals in Madhya Pradesh constitute a sizable population. The population of Tribals in Madhya Pradesh is 12.233 million constituting 20.27% of the total population of Madhya Pradesh (60.385 million), according to the 2001 census. There were 46 recognized Scheduled Tribes and three of them have been identified as “Special Primitive Tribal Groups” in the State. [1]

The differences in the tribal community, spread over in various parts of the state, is clearly seen not only on the basis of their heredity, lifestyle and cultural traditions, but also from their social, economic structure, religious beliefs and their language and speech. Due to the different linguistic, cultural and geographical environment, and its peculiar complications, the diverse tribal world of Madhya Pradesh has not only been largely cut-off from the mainstream of development.

Madhya Pradesh holds 1st rank among all the States/UTs in terms of ST population and 12th rank in respect of the proportion of ST population to total population. [2]

[edit ) Distribution of tribal population 

The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhariya, Halba, Kaul, Mariya, and Sahariya. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribal population. In Khargone, Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi and Shahdol districts 30 to 50 percent population is of tribes. Maximum population is that of Gond tribes.

Name of tribe Sub-tribe Population (Census 1981) Districts inhabited
Gond Pardhan, Agariya, Ojha, Nagarchi, Solhas 5349883 All districts, mainly spread on both banks of Narmada River in Vindhyas andSatpura
Bhil Barela, Bhilala, Patliya 2505888 Dhar, Jhabua, East Nimar
Baiga Bijhwar, Narotia, Bharotiya, Nahar, Rai Bhaina, Kadh Bhaina 248949 Mandla, Balaghat
Korku Movasiruma, Nahala, Vavari, Bodoya 66781 East Nimar, Hoshangabad, Betul, Chhindwara
Bharia Bhumiya, Bhuihar, Pando 195490 Chhindwara, Jabalpur
Halba Halbi, Bastariya, Chhatisgarhiya 236375 Balaghat
Kaul Rohiya, Rauthail 123811 Rewa, Satna, Shahdol, Sidhi
Mariya Abujh Mariya, Dandami Mariya, Metakoitur 195490 Jabalpur, Mandla, Panna, Shahdol, Chhindwara
Sahariya - 261816 Guna, Shivpuri, Morena, Gwalior, Vidisha, Rajgarh

As per List of Scheduled Tribes in India, Scheduled Tribes in Madhya Pradesh, as recognised by India’s constitution are: 1. Agariya, 2. Andh, 3. Baiga, 4. Bhaina, 5. Bharia Bhumia, Bhuinhar Bhumia, Bhumiya, Bharia, Paliha, Pando, 6. Bhattra, 7. Bhil, Bhilala, Barela, Patelia, 8. Bhil, 9. Bhunjia, 10. Biar, Biyar, 11. Binjhwar, 12. Birhul, Birhor, 13. Damor, Damaria, 14. Dhanwar, 15. Gadaba, Gadba, 16. Gond, Arrakh, Agaria, Asur, Badi Maria, Bada Maria, Bhatola, Bhimma, Bhuta, Koilabhuta, Koliabhuti, Bhar, Bisonhorn Maria, Chota Maria, Dandami Maria, Dhuru, Dhurwa, Dhoba, Dhulia, Dorla, Gaiki, Gatta, Gatti, Gaita, Gond, Gowari, Hill Maria, Kandra, Kalanga, Khatola, Koitar, Koya, Khirwar, Khirwara, Kucha Maria, Kuchki Maria, Madia, Maria, Mana, Mannewar, Moghya, Mogia, Monghya, Mudia, Muria, Nagarchi, Nagwanshi, Ojha, Raj Gond, Sonjhari, Jhareka, Thatia, Thotya, Wade Maria, Vade Maria, Daroi, 17. Halba, Halbi, 18. Kamar, 19. Karku, 20. Kawar, Kanwar, Kaur, Cherwa, Rathia, Tanwar, Chattri, 21. Keer (in Bhopal, Raisen and Sehore districts), 22. Khairwar, Kondar, 23. Kharia, 24. Kondh, Khond, Khand, 25. Kol, 26. Kolam, 27. Korku, Bopchi, Mouasi, Nihar, Nahul, Bhodhi, Bondeya, 28. Kori, Korwa, Kodaku, 29. Manjhi, 30. Majhwar, 31. Mawasi, 32. Meena (in Sironj Sub-Division of Vidisha District), 33. Mundra, 34. Nagesia, Nagasia, 35. Oraon, Dhanka, Dhangad, 36. Panika [in (i) Chhatarpur, Panna, Rewa, Satna, Shahdol, Umaria, Sidhi and Tikamgarh districts, and (ii) Sevda and Datia tehsils of Datia district)], 37. Pao, 38. Pardhan, Pathari, Saroti, 39. Pardhi (in Bhopal, Raisen and Sehore districts), 40. Pardhi, Bahelia, Bahellia, Chita Pardhi, Langoli Pardhi, Phans Pardhi, Shikari, Takankar, Takia [in (i) Chhindwara, Mandla, Dindori and Seoni districts, (ii) Baihar tehsil of Balaghat district, (iii) Betual, Bhainsdehi and Shahpur tahsils of Betul district, (iv) Patan tahsil and Sihora and Majholi blocks of Jabalpur district, (v) Katni (Murwara) and Vijaya Raghogarh tahsils and Bahoriband and Dhemerkheda blocks of Katni district, (vi) Hoshangabad, Babai, Sohagpur, Pipariya and Bankhedi tahsils and Kesla block of Hoshangabad district, (vii) Narsinghpur district, and (viii) Harsud tahsil of Khandwa district], 41. Parja, 42. Sahariya, Saharia, Seharia, Sehria, Sosia, Sor, 43. Saonta, Saunta, 44. Saur, 45. Sawar, Sawara, 46. Sonr

Bhil is the most populous tribe with a total population of 4,618,068, constituting 37.7 per cent of the total ST population. Gond is the second largest tribe, with a population of 4,357,918 constituting 35.6 per cent. The next four populous tribes are: Kol, Korku, Sahariya and Baiga. These six tribes constitute 92.2 per cent of the total ST population of the State. Pardhan, Saur and Bharia Bhumia have a population ranging from 105,692 to 152,472; together, they form 3.2 per cent. Four tribes, namely, Majhi, Khairwar, Mawasi and Panika having population in the range of 47,806 to 81,335 account for another 2.2 per cent of the ST population; remaining thirty three tribes (out of total of 46 tribes) along with the generic tribes constitute the residual 2.5 per cent of total ST population. Tribes having below 1000 population are twelve in number.[2]

Bhils have the highest population in Jhabua district followed by Dhar, Barwani and Khargone districts. Gonds have major concentration in Chhindwara, Mandla, Betul, Seoni and Shahdol districts. Other four major groups Kol, Korku, Sahariya and Baiga have registered the highest population in Rewa, Khandwa, Shivpuri and Shahdol[2] districts respectively.

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